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Stabilization/solidification technologies are used widely for treating both inorganic and organic waste materials. Unfortunately, some of these processes have turned out to be simple adsorption/dilution phenomena. For a true stabilization/solidification process, the binder and the waste must interact chemically to create chemical bonding. Based on our past investigations in this area, some guidelines for evaluating the permanence of a stabilization/solidification process are presented in this paper.
stabilization, solidification, adsorption, dilution, chemical bonding, Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), bond energy, heat of solution
Director, Research and Development, RMC Environmental and Analytical Laboratories, West Plains, MO