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    Peroxidase Activity as an Indicator of Sublethal Stress in the Aquatic Plant Hydrilla Verticillata (Royle)

    Published: Jan 1991

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    This study examines the utility of plant peroxidase (POD) activity as a biochemical indicator of chemical stress in the aquatic plant Hydrilla verticillata (Royle). Plants were raised in 10% Hoagland's solution augmented with 200 mg NaHCO3/L. The plants were exposed to concentrations of exponential increment of Cu2+ or the sulfonylurea herbicide, sulfometuron methyl, (methyl 2-[[[[(4,6-dimethyl-2-pyrimidinyl) amino]-carbonyl] amino] sulfonyl] benzoate), also known by the trade name OustR. After seven days of exposure the plants were harvested, macerated, and the POD extracted with salt solution. POD was measured by a spectrophotometric assay. There was a significant increase in POD activity after exposure to sublethal concentrations of Cu2+ or Oust. This increase in POD activity was dose dependant and concomitant with a decrease in root and shoot elongation. Plants exposed to 1 mg/L Cu2+ resulted in a 1.75-fold increase over the controls in shoot POD activity. Plants treated with 1 mg/L Oust resulted in a 1.5-fold increase in shoot POD activity over the controls, yet no necrosis was visible after seven days. These results indicate that measuring the saltextractable POD activity has great potential as a biochemical indicator of sublethal stress in the aquatic plant H. verticillata.


    peroxidase, biochemical indicator, sublethal stress, Hydrilla verticillata, copper, sulfometuron methyl, toxicity

    Author Information:

    Byl, TD
    Memphis State University, Memphis, TN

    Klaine, SJ
    Memphis State University, Memphis, TN

    Committee/Subcommittee: E47.09

    DOI: 10.1520/STP19506S

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