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The purpose of this project was to perform an inter- and intraagency survey of the use of plants as test systems for ecological risk assessment and remediation for the United States Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research Development (USEPA/ORD). Four broad classes of plant applications were identified: (1) bioassays; (2) bioindicators; (3) bioremediation; and (4) biotechnology. Improvement to research methodologies would include: (1) developing fluorescence bioassays for terrestrial and aquatic plants and algae and combining plant and animal tests to form regionally differentiated suites of bioassays; (2) development of “natural community” databases and small-scale maps for evaluation of changes in plant community structure to determine the “biotic integrity” of specific habitat types; (3) expand work to develop plants and fungi as biologic remediative tools; and (4) development of guidelines for field trials and eventual full-scale agricultural use of pesticide-producing genetically engineered plants (GEPs).
plants, algae, bioassay, bioindicator, bioremediation, biotechnology, genetically engineered plants, environmental toxicity assessment, aquatic plants, terrestrial plants, fluorescence
San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board, Oakland, CA