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The influence of various natural and man-made textile fiber types on sweat production, evaporation of sweat and sweat accumulation in the clothing of man during alternating work and rest in the cold was studied. The effect on human heat loss of evaporation of sweat accumulated in different clothing layers was measured on a thermal manikin. Textile material had a significant effect on both the amount of sweat accumulating in the multi-layer clothing ensemble during work in the cold, and on the place where sweat accumulated. The location of the accumulated sweat in the clothing ensemble significantly influenced the heat loss from the thermal manikin during the consecutive drying period. This was explained by a lower efficiency of evaporative cooling of the skin the further away the sweat was located.
cold, clothing, textiles, sweat accumulation, heat loss, evaporation
Senior Research Scientist, Laboratory of Heating and Air Conditioning, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby,