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User participation is an effective means of creating office space planning standards. This paper describes a validated trade-off method for surveying user needs and converting the results into a set of standards for designers' use. A case study describes the use of this technique in the renovation of a state office building interior. Tables and charts illustrate trade-offs made by staff in developing a new set of standards for their space.
user participation, programming, office space standards, trade-off process
Associate Professor, Interior Design, and Resource Management, College of Human Resources, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA