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Previous serious skiing injuries were recorded among the participants in the alpine diciplines of the 1994 Olympic Winter Games in Lillehammer, Norway.
Fifty-four racers answered the questionnaire (reply percentage of 21%). Seventy-two percent of the racers had suffered one or more serious skiing injuries previously. The knee accounted for 43% of the injuries, followed by the lower leg (10%) and the head (8%). Forty-two percent of the women and 10% of the men (p < 0.01) had suffered a rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Thirty-six percent of the racers had been injured in downhill, and 21% in each of the three other alpine disciplines. Sixty-two percent reported to be recovered completely from their injuries.
In conclusion, about three fourths of Olympic racers have suffered a previous skiing injury. Female racers were more prone to ACL ruptures than male racers.
anterior cruciate ligament ruptures, athletic injuries, competitions, gender factors, knee injuries, release bindings, skiing, skiing trauma, sports equipment, injury, alpine skis
Professor of orthopaedic surgerychief medical officer, Ullevaal Hospital, University of OsloKvitfjell downhill and Suger G arena, Olympic Winter Games, Oslo,
Orthopaedic residentmedical officer, Martina Hansens HospitalKvitfjell downhill and Super G arena, Olympic Winter Games, Sandvika,
Medical officer of healthchief medical officer, Hemsedal Health CentreHafjell slalom and giant slalom arena, Olympic Winter Games, Hemsedal,
Professor of accident surgerychief medical officer, Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim,