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    STP1171

    Influence of Stress State and Specimen Size on Creep Rupture of Similar and Dissimilar Welds

    Published: 01 January 1993


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    Abstract

    Small-scale tension specimens taken transversely from similar weldments of 12% Cr steel as well as small- and large-scale specimens from dissimilar weldments of 12% Cr/1% CrMoV with 12% Cr deposit were tested to obtain creep rupture data at 550°C. For the similar weld, the rupture time of the specimens was considerably longer than the rupture time determined in uniaxial creep tests of the weakest heat-affected zone (HAZ) microstructure. Results of finite element analyses have shown that this is caused by a constraint imposed on the weakest HAZ by the surrounding microstructures with higher creep strength. For the dissimilar weld, the creep rupture strength of large-scale specimens is higher than that of small-scale specimens. Finite element analyses have shown differences in the stress states developing in small- and large-scale specimens, which lead to different rupture times.

    Keywords:

    creep, weldments, finite element analysis, HAZ properties, Type IV cracking


    Author Information:

    Kussmaul, K
    Director, Staatliche Materialprüfungsanstalt (MPA), Stuttgart 80,

    Maile, K
    Head of department, Staatliche Materialprüfungsanstalt (MPA), Stuttgart 80,

    Eckert, W
    Research engineer, Staatliche Materialprüfungsanstalt (MPA), Stuttgart 80,


    Committee/Subcommittee: E08.04

    DOI: 10.1520/STP18036S