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The effect of specimen thickness, side grooving, large-scale yielding of the ligament, and ductile tearing upon the probability of cleavage fracture initiation is examined within the framework of a general statistical model for cleavage fracture initiation. First, a derivation of the statistical model is presented, and then the model is used to explain the effects of different factors affecting the cleavage fracture probability. As a result, a specimen size requirement for elastic-plastic cleavage fracture toughness testing with bend-type specimens is obtained. Additionally, a simple correction function to validate invalid test results with insufficient ligament size and prior ductile tearing is presented.
cleavage fracture initiation, constraint, statistical modelling, fracture toughness testing, transition region
Senior advisor, Technical Research Center of Finland (VTT), Metals Laboratory, Espoo,