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Physical aging at elevated temperatures of the advanced composite IM7/K3B was investigated through the use of creep compliance tests. Testing consisted of short-term isothermal, creep/recovery with the creep segments performed at constant load. The matrix-dominated transverse tensile and in-plane shear behavior were measured at temperatures ranging from 200 to 230°C. Through the use of time-based shifting procedures, the aging shift factors, shift rates, and momentary master curve parameters were found at each temperature. These material parameters were used as input to a predictive methodology that was based upon effective time theory and linear viscoelasticity combined with classical lamination theory. Long-term creep compliance test data was compared to predictions to verify the method. The model was then used to predict the long-term creep behavior for several general laminates.
composite materials, testing, design, polymeric composites, physical aging, creep (materials), viscoelasticity
Research scientist, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA
Graduate student, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA