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Strain controlled thermal-mechanical fatigue crack growth (TMFCG) tests were conducted on two titanium alloys, namely Ti-6A1-4V and Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-6Mo, to evaluate the effect of phase angle between strain and temperature on the TMFCG rates. Three fracture mechanics parameters were used to correlate the data: the ΔK, ΔKe and ΔKeff. A fractographic study of the specimens tested under TMF was carried-out to identify the mechanisms responsible for cracking in these two titanium alloys. Hence, specimens tested under in-phase (εmax at Tmax), out-of-phase (εmin at Tmax) and counter-clockwise diamond (90° out-of-phase) conditions were compared to specimens tested under isothermal conditions (Tmin and Tmax) for different ΔKeff levels. The dominant TMF cracking mechanisms were mechanical fatigue (crack tip plasticity) and oxygen-induced embrittlement. The ΔKeff was found to be the only parameter to properly correlate all the data obtained under various testing conditions. A model is developed to predict the TMFCG rates based solely on isothermal data. The model uses a linear summation of the contributions to crack growth of the two dominant mechanisms which are active at the minimum and maximum temperature of the cycle. A discussion on the applicability of the model to predict the fatigue lives of actual components is discussed.
Titanium alloys, crack growth, oxygen embrittlement, fatigue life prediction, TMF
Stress Engineer, Bombardier/Canadair, Ville St-Laurent, Québec
R & D Engineer, AMRA Technologies, Montreal, Quebec
Project Engineer, Stress Analysis Group, Pratt and Whitney Canada, Longueuil,