You are being redirected because this document is part of your ASTM Compass® subscription.
    This document is part of your ASTM Compass® subscription.


    A Review of Phosphate Ester Fire Resistance Mechanisms and Their Relevance to Fluid Testing

    Published: 0

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF (124K) 8 $25   ADD TO CART
    Complete Source PDF (3.3M) 198 $55   ADD TO CART

    Cite this document

    X Add email address send
      .RIS For RefWorks, EndNote, ProCite, Reference Manager, Zoteo, and many others.   .DOCX For Microsoft Word


    The fire resistance of phosphate esters is primarily a result of properties imparted by the phosphate nucleus. These properties make triaryl phosphate esters difficult to ignite and cause them to self-extinguish. Fluid fire resistance is a function of different chemical and/or physical characteristics depending on fire test configuration. Studies performed on phosphate esters for flame retardant and fire extinguishing applications provide useful analogies to fluid fire resistance. The soaked cube fire test predicts the oxidation exotherm temperature of a fluid on steam pipe lagging. The impact of fluid properties on the decomposition and ignition temperature is discussed. A simple extension of the fire point test was used to illustrate the fire resistance of various phosphate ester/polyol ester mixtures. The transition to a self-extinguishing mixture occurs over a narrow phosphate ester concentration range.


    triaryl phosphate esters, fire resistant fluids, flame retardant mechanisms, lagging fires, self-extinguishing fluids

    Author Information:

    Marolewski, TA
    Research Manager, Akzo Nobel Chemicals Inc., Dobbs Ferry, NY

    Weil, ED
    Professor, Polymer Research Institute, Polytechnic University, Brooklyn, NY

    Committee/Subcommittee: D02.N0

    DOI: 10.1520/STP16283S