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    STP1597

    Strain-Path Change Tests and Physically Based Polycrystalline Modeling of the Behavior of Recrystallized Zirconium Alloys

    Published: 2018


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    Abstract

    Zirconium alloys used as cladding tubes for the fuel of pressurized water reactors can undergo high applied stress during power transients. In these conditions, biaxial loading may lead to plastic deformation of the cladding. A comprehensive understanding of the material mechanical response during loading-path change tests is an important step toward predicting the behavior in these specific conditions. Using a nonstandard mechanical testing machine, we conducted loading-path change tests at 623 K on as-received recrystallized Zircaloy-4 tubes. These tests consisted of an axial tensile loading and unloading followed by an internal pressure (or pure hoop tension) loading and unloading. These tests examined the kinematic and isotropic hardening components of the strain hardening behavior of the thin cladding tubes. The isotropic hardening was attributed to dislocation multiplication and dislocation-dislocation interactions. The kinematic hardening was attributed to the interaction of the grains with each other. A polycrystalline model was also used and improved in order to simulate the tests. A good prediction of the isotropic and kinematic hardening was provided by the modeling.

    Keywords:

    zirconium alloys, mechanical behavior, strain hardening, kinematic hardening, anisotropy, biaxiality


    Author Information:

    Onimus, Fabien
    DEN-Service de Recherches Métallurgiques Appliquées, CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette,

    Bono, Matthew
    DEN-Service d'Etudes des Matériaux Irradiés, CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette,

    Garnier, Jerome
    DEN-Service de Recherches Métallurgiques Appliquées, CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette,

    Soniak-Defresne, Annie
    DEN-Service d'Etudes des Matériaux Irradiés, CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette,

    Limon, Roger
    DEN-Service d'Etudes des Matériaux Irradiés, CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette,

    Gilbon, Didier
    DEN-Département des Matériaux pour le Nucléaire, CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette,

    Bourlier, Florent
    AREVA NP, 10 rue Juliette Récamier, Lyon,

    Ambard, Antoine
    EDF R&D, Les Renardières, Ecuelles, Moret sur Loing,


    Committee/Subcommittee: B10.02

    DOI: 10.1520/STP159720160092