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    Carbonation of Dolomitic Type S Lime-Based Masonry Mortars

    Published: 2014

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    Quicklime, created by burning limestone, reacts with water to form a fine powder called hydrated lime, which in turn absorbs carbon dioxide from the air to return to its original form, limestone. In masonry applications, the carbonation of hydrated lime used in mortars can strengthen the mortar over time and help heal fine cracks by a mechanism called autogenous healing. Though data exists regarding carbonation of high-calcium hydrated lime in mortars, there have not been studies regarding carbonation of dolomitic hydrated lime in this application. There is also only limited data on the effect of portland cement on hydrated lime carbonation. This study addresses these two areas by exploring the carbonation of dolomitic Type S hydrated lime in three different mortar types (Lime-Sand, Type O, and Type N). Cubes and prisms containing these mortar types were exposed to laboratory and field conditions for up to 720 days. Samples of each mortar were analyzed at four different ages to determine the extent of carbonation. Analysis methods included compressive strength, change in weight, depth of carbonation using phenolphthalein pH indicator, and thermal analysis. The study indicated that significant carbonation occurred over the two year period of testing but determining a precise measure of its extent was not possible, due in part to the dolomitic lime chemistry and in part to the presence of portland cement. Compressive strength and change in weight did not provide a clear indication of the extent of carbonation with time for mortars containing portland cement. Phenolphthalein testing was misleading, apparently because it was influenced by the low pH of magnesium hydroxide. Given the limitations of the methods used in this study, further work is needed to develop better techniques for mortar carbonation measurement in the future.

    Author Information:

    Tate, Michael J.
    Technical and Marketing Manager, Graymont Inc., Genoa, OH

    Thomson, Margaret L.
    Director, NBD Technical, Lhoist North America, Irving, TX

    Suraneni, Prannoy
    Graduate Research Associate, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Urbana, IL

    currently Research Assistant, Institute for Building Materials, Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering, ETH Zürich, Zürich,

    Salas, Andres
    Postdoctoral Research Associate, Univ. of Illinois, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Urbana, IL

    Struble, Leslie J.
    Professor, Univ. of Illinois, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Urbana, IL

    Committee/Subcommittee: C07.90

    DOI: 10.1520/STP157720130162