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This study was undertaken to determine the strength of calcium bentonite as affected by cement and slag. Test specimens were prepared with 15% calcium bentonite, 5%to 15% cement, and 7.5% to 10% slag. Undrained triaxial compression tests and unconfined compression tests were performed on different mixes. These test results show that regardless of the proportion of cement and slag, the peak strength occurred at strain equal to or less than 1%. The strength essentially reached its ultimate value at about 2% strain and there was little change in strength beyond this point. The strength of specimens increased as the proportion of slag to cement increased. Pore water pressure at peak strength was positive. With increasing strain and increasing proportion of slag the pore water pressure reduced in magnitude. Specimens which were not subjected to vacuum during preparation showed extremely high negative pore pressures and higher strength.
shear strength, bentonite, cement, slag, triaxial test, unconfined, compression test, laboratory testing
Professor, New Jersey Institute of Technology, University Heights, Newark, NJ
Former Graduate Student, New Jersey Institute of Technology, University Heights, Newark, NJ