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The preliminary work describing the Cone Calorimeter dates to 1982 when NIST (then NBS) presented the results of their research to ASTM Committee E5. In the next few years, the hardware was improved and finalized. ASTM first adopted a draft standard (P 190) in 1985, followed by full adoption as ASTM E 1354 in 1990. By now, more than 100 laboratories have adopted Cone Calorimeters, and several hundred papers have been written by researchers. The present paper reviews some of the highlights of the Cone Calorimeter development and its R&D utilization. It then discusses regulatory and specification usage of the apparatus and finally describes some potential applications yet to be realized.
Cone Calorimeter, corrosivity, heat release rate, interior finish, smoke, toxic gases
President, Fire Science and Technology Inc., Damascus, MD