You are being redirected because this document is part of your ASTM Compass® subscription.
    This document is part of your ASTM Compass® subscription.


    Use of Post-Consumer Corrugated Fiberboard as Fine Aggregate Replacement in Controlled Low-Strength Materials

    Published: 2012

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF (424K) 18 $25   ADD TO CART
    Complete Source PDF (23M) 627 $149   ADD TO CART


    This study was conducted to investigate the use of post-consumer corrugated board in controlled low-strength material (CLSM) applications. Corrugated fiberboard (termed corrugate), which constitutes a significant fraction of the municipal solid waste stream in the United States (approximately one third by weight), was used as a partial replacement for fine aggregate in CLSM at aggregate replacement ratios ranging from 0 % (i.e., control) to 6 %. The corrugate was fiberized (i.e., repulped) in a blender prior to being mixed with other constituents in the CLSM. The density, air content, and flow consistency of the fresh CLSM were determined, and bleeding was qualitatively assessed. Also, the unconfined compressive strength was determined for the resulting mixtures at different test ages. As the corrugate content increased, air content and water demand increased, density and compressive strength decreased, and some mixtures exhibited excessive bleeding. Corrugated fiberboard was determined to be effective as a fine aggregate replacement to produce mixtures with 28-day compressive strengths within the range for excavatable CLSM.


    controlled low-strength material, flowable fill, corrugated fiber-board, reuse of byproducts

    Author Information:

    Hanson, James L.
    Professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering Dept., California Polytechnic State Univ., San Luis Obispo, CA

    Stone, Gregory M.
    Staff Engineer, Avocet Environmental, Irvine, CA

    Yesiller, Nazli
    Director, Global Water Research Institute, California Polytechnic State Univ., San Luis Obispo, CA

    Committee/Subcommittee: D18.14

    DOI: 10.1520/STP154020120028