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    Analysis of the Venus Out-Of-Core Activation Measurements Using MCBEND

    Published: Jan 1994

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    The VENUS-1 critical assembly simulates a U02-loaded core and the internal structures from the core baffle to the neutron pad, in a generic 3-loop plant. VENUS-2 contained mixed oxide PuO2 — UO2 fuel pins in the eight outer rows. Several out-of-core threshold activation rates (In-115, Np-237, Zn-64, Al-27, Ni-58, U-238, Rh-103) have been measured at numerous locations in water zones and steel structures. From these measurements, “equivalent fission fluxes” have been established by dividing the activation rates by cross-sections weighted by the U-235 fission spectrum. Calculations of equivalent fission fluxes have been carried out with the Monte Carlo transport programme MCBEND. The average ratio calculation/experiment (C/E) in the core barrel, with 80 dosimeters and 7 types of reactions, is 1.02 ± 0.03 (δ). Further away from the core, the average C/E in the neutron pad from 13 measurements is 1.01 ± 0.08 (δ).


    critical facility, threshold activation, Monte Carlo

    Author Information:

    Blaise, PD
    Engineer, Brussels,

    de Wouters, RM
    Neutronics Group Manager, Tractebel Energy Engineering, Brussels,

    Abderrahim, HA
    Nuclear reactor physicist, fuel research division, SCK-CEN, Mol,

    Committee/Subcommittee: E10.01

    DOI: 10.1520/STP15125S