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    Bulk Site Reference Materials


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    The selection, manufacture and use of Bulk Site Reference Materials (BSRMs) at hazardous waste sites is discussed. BSRMs are useful in preparing stabilization/solidification (S/S) formulations for soils, ranking competing S/S processes, comparing S/S alternatives to other technologies, and in interpreting data from different test types. BSRMs are large volume samples that are representative of the physical and chemical characteristics of a site soil, and that contain contaminants at reasonably high levels. A successful BSRM is extremely homogeneous and well-characterized. While not representative of any point on the site, they contain the contaminants of the site in the matrices of the site. Design objectives for a BSRM are to produce a material that 1) maintains good fidelity to site matrices and contaminants, and 2) exhibits the lowest possible relative standard deviation.


    stabilization/solidification, remediation, quality assurance, treatability, reference materials

    Author Information:

    Barich, JJ
    Environmental Engineer, Office of Research and Development, USEPA, Seattle, WA

    Jones, RR
    Environmental Scientist, USEPA, Seattle, WA

    Committee/Subcommittee: D34.05

    DOI: 10.1520/STP14131S