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The totem poles and house posts located in Sitka National Historical Park, Sitka Alaska, are located in an environment which has an annual rainfall of 95 inches. Fungal decay flourishes, with the most decay occurring around the bases where the totems enter the ground, the tops of poles, and the horizontally carved surfaces. Over the years numerous chemicals were applied to try to lengthen their lifespan. In 1991 a Totem Preservation Conference was held in Sitka and a condition survey was performed. As a result of the survey, it was decided to treat the totem poles with sodium borates. This paper focuses on the treatments used over the years, the decision to use borate preservatives, and the results of that decision.
Sitka, Tlingit, Haida, Totem, Alaska, House post, Crest poles, Ketchikan, Keithahn, Brady, Chief Son-I-hat, Kassan, Rush, Tuxekan, Klawock, Howkan, Klinkwan, Sukkwan, Koinglas, Treatment, Louisiana Purchase, Lewis & Clark Exposition, Elbridge Warren Merrill, Willard, Jacobs, Cook, Cameron, James, Beck, Bailey, Bartlett, Willis, Patton, Hunter, Daniel, Pasco, Burkhart, Joseph, Price, Civilian Conservation Corps, Support posts, Avenarious Carbolinium, Pentachlorophenate, Pentachlorophenol, Diffusible perservative, National Park Service, Organic, Debris, Yaadaas Crest Pole, Bicentennial Pole, All-thread rods, Waasga Legend Pole, U.S. Forest Service, Mildewcide, Busan, Borates, Bore cut technique
Conservator, National Park Service, Harpers Ferry Center, Harpers Ferry, WV