You are being redirected because this document is part of your ASTM Compass® subscription.
    This document is part of your ASTM Compass® subscription.

    If you are an ASTM Compass Subscriber and this document is part of your subscription, you can access it for free at ASTM Compass

    Bias and Precision of To Values Determined Using ASTM Standard E 1921-97 for Nuclear Reactor Pressure Vessel Steels

    Published: 01 January 2000

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF (452K) 19 $25   ADD TO CART
    Complete Source PDF (27M) 1254 $371   ADD TO CART

    Cite this document

    X Add email address send
      .RIS For RefWorks, EndNote, ProCite, Reference Manager, Zoteo, and many others.   .DOCX For Microsoft Word


    Recently ASTM adopted a Test Method for the Determination of Reference Temperature, To, for Ferritic Steels in the Transition Range (E1921-97). This test method quantifies the variation of fracture toughness with temperature throughout the transition regime based on limited replicate testing at a single temperature. Advances in elastic plastic fracture mechanics enabled adoption of size requirements in E1921-97 that permit testing of specimens as small as 10 mm cross section. Thus, E1921-97 presents the first opportunity to measure directly the fracture toughness of samples removed from surveillance capsules, rather than inferring toughness using RTNDT indexed KIC curve.

    We assemble a database of fracture toughness values for reactor pressure vessel steels, including over 1,600 E1921-97 valid fracture toughness values for both irradiated and unirradiated steels. In this paper, we use this database to address concerns regarding the bias and pecision of To values determined by ASTM E1921-97, and regarding the use of To as an index temperature for the ASME KIC curve. When the requirements of E1921-97 are satisfied, neither the temperature at which the fracture toughness tests are conducted nor the level of deformation prior to fracture bias the estimate of To. Furthermore, the recently proposed To-based index for the KIC curve (RTTo ≡ To+ 35°F) reduces considerably the degree of scatter in facture toughness data, and contains implicit margins on toughness that are consistent for every steel considered. RTTo is superior to RTNDT as an index temperature for the KIC curve, and also provides for a more conservative assessment of vessel safety than does RTNDT.


    master curve, To, RTNDT, RTTo, reactor pressure vessel steels, ASME , KIC, curve, nuclear pressure vessels

    Author Information:

    Kirk, M
    Senior and Advisory Engineer, Westinghouse Electric Company, Pittsburgh, PA

    Lott, R
    Senior and Advisory Engineer, Westinghouse Electric Company, Pittsburgh, PA

    Server, WL
    President, ATI Consulting, Pinehurst, NC

    Hardies, R
    Metallurgical Consultant, Baltimore Gas and Electric Company, Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant, Lusby, MD

    Rosinski, S
    Project Manager, EPRI, Charlotte, NC

    Committee/Subcommittee: E10.01

    DOI: 10.1520/STP12388S