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The Skier Knowledge Questionnaire (a survey of knowledge and behavior) was given to 863 non-injured and 118 injured skiers and snowboarders aged 5 to 17 years at Blackcomb Mountain in British Columbia during 1993–94 to help identify relevant factors in injury prevention initiatives.
The injured cohort had less knowledge of the Skiers Responsibility Code. In both groups, almost half had had no lessons, 31% had had bindings adjusted by non-professionals and chair lift safety bars were used one ride in four by children 13 to 17 years. They wore helmets slightly less often. Both groups skied regularly through the trees, and 20% had skied on closed runs. Excessive speed was identified as the major cause of injury. Jumping was not recognized to contribute to injury.
The lack of knowledge of safety rules and skiing without due care in young adults indicate that some major ski and snowboarding injuries are preventable.
youth, risk, behavior, helmet, ski, snowboard injuries
Professor of Paediatrics, University of British Columbia, Critical Care Physician, British Columbia's Children's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia
Research directorDirector of Research, University of British ColumbiaBlackcomb Mountain Ski Resort, c/o Spinal Research Office, Vancouver Hospital, Heather Pavilion, British Columbia
Research assistant, British Columbia's Children's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia