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The thesis presented tries to explain some aspects of the phenomenon of ski injuries and also shows the mechanisms through which there is high risk of soft tissue injury. Based on studies about possible injury mechanisms to the soft tissues of the knee joint, two common knee injuries were selected to be studied: “Two-skier impact” and “Boot Induced Anterior Drawer.” A multi-body skier model with flexible elements equipped with a FEM model of the knee joint was developed for the presented work. The solutions obtained confirmed by a majority that for the previously listed mechanisms a high risk of cruciate ligaments injury occurs, especially for the ACL. No damage to the collateral ligaments, the MCL and the LCL, was noticed in any of the cases considered.
skiing safety, knee injury mechanism, boot induced, ACL injury, multibody
Ph.D. Student, Warsaw University of Technology, Institute of Aeronautics and Applied Mechanics, VISEB Lab, Warsaw,
Assistant Professor, Warsaw University of Technology, Institute of Aeronautics and Applied Mechanics, VISEB Lab, Warsaw,