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A series of fire tests have been undertaken on a purpose built eight storey, three bay by five bay steel frame building with composite floors and overall dimensions 33.5m by 21m by 45m. The building has been constructed at the BRE's Large Building Test Facility at Cardington, near Bedford, England. As part of the overall fire programme, BRE have carried out fire tests on a compartment (9m x 6m) representative of a corner office and a large compartment (21m x 18m) representative of a large open plan office. The objectives of the programme are to examine the behaviour of multi-storey steel-framed buildings subject to real fires and to use the data from the tests to validate computer models for structural analysis at elevated temperatures. The work will provide substantial benefits and produce high quality data which will inform decisions on the degree of fire protection required for steel framed buildings, which could significantly reduce costs while maintaining existing levels of safety.
fire resistance, natural fires, structural behaviour, steel structures, composite structures, full scale testing
Senior Scientific Officer, Metal Structures Section, Building Research Establishment, Watford,