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    The Physics of Baseball; the Standardization of Balls and Bats for Recreational Softball

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    An analysis of the effects on ball velocity and flight of the development of highly elastic softballs and bats suggests that it is necessary to constrain the elasticity of ball and bat to preserve the integrity of slow-pitch softball and to ensure the safety of the players.


    baseball, softball, bats, balls, coefficient of restitution, sport safety

    Author Information:

    Adair, RK
    Sterling Professor of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut

    Committee/Subcommittee: F08.26

    DOI: 10.1520/STP11864S