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    Inter-Granular Phosphorus Segregation in Ferritic Steels

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    Progress in modeling irradiation-assisted non-equilibrium and equilibrium inter-granular segregation in steels is discussed. Solute drag and rate theory models for non-equilibrium segregation are compared. Reference is made to recent MD simulation work on irradiated grain boundaries in alpha iron.

    Predictions of the models for phosphorus inter-granular segregation are compared with several recently published experimental data from pressure vessel steels. These are as follows. • A summary of results from field emission gun scanning transmission electron microscopy (FEGSTEM) and Auger Electron Spectrometry (AES) for a variety of dose and dose rate conditions. • A systematic survey of results from variable dose rate experiments. • Results from a recent systematic data set produced from C-Mn steel submerged arc welds.

    The fits of the predictions to the observations show the strong influence of site competition from carbon on the final phosphorus inter-granular segregation level.


    phosphorus segregation, radiation-induced segregation modeling, ferritic steels, site competition

    Author Information:

    Faulkner, RG
    Professor, IPTME, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leics

    Flewitt, PEJ
    Manager, Berkeley Centre, Berkeley, Glos.

    Lu, Z
    Research Associate, IPTME, Loughborough university, Loughborough, Leics

    Committee/Subcommittee: E10.07

    DOI: 10.1520/STP11256S