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    The Role of Multiple Stressor Causes in Declining Amphibian Populations: A Wingspread Workshop Summary

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    Numerous studies have documented the decline of amphibian populations over the past decade and no single factor has been the linked to these widespread declines. Determining the causes of declining amphibian populations worldwide has proven difficult because of the variety of anthropogenic and natural suspect agents. A Wingspread workshop, convened by The Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC), brought together individuals with expertise in the areas of amphibian biology, ecotoxicology, natural resource management, and environmental policy. This workshop had three objectives: 1) create a network for future discussions on multiple stressor causes of declines; 2) characterize and prioritize technical issues critical to the analysis of the decline problem; and 3) identify and develop resource management approaches to promote sustainable and healthy amphibian populations. The workshop proceedings will be summarized in a book entitled, “Multiple Stressors and Declining Amphibian Populations: Evaluating Cause and Effect.” This paper summarizes the results of the workshop.


    amphibian, populations, decline, multiple Stressors

    Author Information:

    Krest, SK
    Environmental Contaminants Specialist, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Chesapeake Bay Field Office, Annapolis, MD

    Linder, G
    Biologist, U.S. Geological Survey, Brooks, OR

    Sparling, DW
    Research Scientist, U.S. Geological Survey, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD

    Committee/Subcommittee: E47.04

    DOI: 10.1520/STP11184S