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Skiing is very popular in France, although people have basically been poorly informed on the standards of setting bindings and the necessity of their application. For the past ten years the results of the MDM epidemiological network have put forward beyond doubt that the number of knee injuries has increased, especially in the female population. These findings have motivated a work group of the AFNOR to suggest an improvement of the ISO norm 11088 for binding adjustments; a documentation leaflet was published under the number FD S 52-748. Because in France the actual international standards were badly applied or simply unknown, a large information campaign was launched aiming skiers and ski equipment renters. For the mass public campaign: A television spot of 30 seconds and 1 000 000 documentation leaflets were distributed. A specific information campaign was aimed at the ski equipment renters. The desire to lower the great number of ACL njuries, particularly in women, by distributing these modern adjustment tables has put forward the lack of awareness of the ISO standards. Only 4,4 % [9 of 204 interviewees] were able to give the 4 fundamental criteria of the AFNOR standards. A control group was studied. The survey consisted of 2203 interviews on the slopes using a randomised survey of 1597 alpine skiers. 204 interviews of ski renters were performed by telephone. 42,6% of the control group had heard of the campaign binding adjustment. Most people interviewed (90,1%) heard about the publicity campaign on ski accident risks. It is impossible to establish a link between the effects of the campaign and the small positive result found.
alpine skiing, ACL, binding, ISO, AFNOR, ski injuries, injury rate
M D, Skiing Safety Network, Les Angles,
M D, President, Avoriaz,
Mechanical engineer, Federal Institute of Technology, EPFL-DGM Ecublens, Lausanne, VD