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    European Approaches in Standard Spectrum Development

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    Typical characteristics of various types of service loading are presented as they were discussed during the establishment of standardized test load sequences. Counting methods are reviewed and a simple and powerful algorithm is given to perform rainflow counting and to store the counting results afterwards. Synthesis procedures are discussed that generate rainflow consistent load sequences from matrix-based counting results.


    fatigue load spectra, loading standards, counting methods, rainflow analysis, Markov matrix, rainflow synthesis, fatigue (materials), testing

    Author Information:

    ten Have, AA
    Research engineer, National Aerospace Laboratory NLR, Amsterdam,

    Committee/Subcommittee: E08.02

    DOI: 10.1520/STP10347S