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The benefits achievable from stabilizer additives and the effects of other additives on stability properties are discussed. Antioxidants, metal deactivators, and dispersants are used to improve the stability of middle distillate fuels; the range of benefits obtained and factors that affect performance are discussed. Different antioxidants are used in jet fuels to prevent formation of peroxides. Metal deactivators are used in all fuel types to prevent oxidation catalysis by dissolved metal salts. The effects of other additives including corrosion inhibitors, electrical conductivity additives, and cetane improver are considered.
middle distillate fuels, kerosine fuels, stabilize additives, antioxidants, metal deactivators, dispersants
Senior research associate, E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Inc., Petroleum Laboratory, Wilmington, DE