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Introduction to Comparing World Steel Standards
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When comparing steel standards from different national and international standard development organizations (SDOs), there is no such thing as equivalent steel standards. At best, one may be able to group comparable steel standards together based on some defined set of rules, which has been done in this handbook. For example, ASTM A516/A516M Grade 70 is comparable to JIS G3118 symbol SGV 480 and to EN 10028-2 steel name P295GH, based on chemical compositions, mechanical properties, and application. Yet they are not equivalent because there are differences in all three standards. Comparing steel standards is not an exact science and cannot be made into a mathematical equation where two sides of an equation are equal to one another because there will always be differences among standards.