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    MNL73

    Solar Energy Integration in the Upstream Oil Supply Chain


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    Abstract

    The production of oil requires a tremendous amount of energy through a distributed combustion network of processes along the oil supply chain spectrum. The consequences of fossil-based fuel combustion include the generation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and hazardous wastewater residues, which have adverse environmental effects. Moreover, GHG emissions impose indirect costs in terms of public health care expenses and environmental remediation measures on the society. Additionally, countries depending on fossil resource imports to meet their energy needs are exposed to the energy market cycles and geopolitical affairs. These events may represent significant economic distortions at regionals and locals levels. Potential mitigation options for GHG emissions are the application of renewable energy sources. This research deals with the integration of renewable energy systems in the upstream oil supply chain to evaluate the impact of energy demand and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions on the oil operations efficiency and environment. The main focus is to evaluate solar energy as an alternative to produce part of the energy requirements in the upstream oil supply chain. In this chapter, potential solar energy integration in the upstream oil industry is identified to comply with CO2 constraints while sustaining production targets. An analysis of GHG emission sources and their associated flow rates in the upstream oil supply chain, mainly CO2, is also discussed in this chapter. An analysis of different types of solar energy options and the identification of the most suitable technologies for the oil and gas industry is studied.

    Keywords:

    renewable energy integration, upstream oil production, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions


    Author Information:

    Abureden, Salah
    University of Waterloo, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Waterloo,

    Almansoori, Ali
    The Petroleum Institute, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Abu Dhabi City,

    Elkamel, Ali
    University of Waterloo, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Waterloo,

    Betancourt-Torcat, Alberto
    The Petroleum Institute, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Abu Dhabi City,


    Committee/Subcommittee: D18.26

    DOI: 10.1520/MNL7320150002