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    MNL73

    Petroleum and Natural Gas Transportation and Storage

    Published: Sep 2016


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    Abstract

    Numerous petroleum pipelines and storage tanks are under service all around the world. Oil and gas pipelines as well as their storage tanks have played an essential role in the petroleum industry for hundreds of years. These horizontally buried or vertically erected “hollow cylinders” have delicate accessories and complicated operation practices, which are designed and maintained constantly. Because most petroleum-associated products are flammable and environmentally hazardous, the relatively high risk in causing fire and contamination further complicates their storage and transportation. By introducing only fundamental knowledge, this chapter serves as a good starting point for readers with a general interest of oil and gas storage and transportation techniques. With this purpose, the chapter contains a brief historical retrospect followed by detailed discussions on petroleum-associated pipelines, storage tanks, handling and operating practice, safety, and economic concerns. Although they are beyond the scope of this chapter, other aspects of the petroleum storage and transportation, such as negotiation with different interest parties, education and training of local officer and emergency personnel, employee wellness, and contamination remediation, need to be considered as well for pipeline companies and tank owners seeking a good reputation and financial status.

    Keywords:

    petroleum products, transportation and storage, pipelines, tankers, aboveground storage tanks, corrosion, leak detection, fire extinguish


    Author Information:

    Zou, Weizhong
    University of Michigan, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Ann Arbor, MI

    Lu, Jun
    University of Tulsa, McDougall School of Petroleum Engineering, Tulsa, OK

    Kumar, Ravindra
    Indian Oil, Sadiq Nagar,

    Liu, Xiangyu
    University of Texas, Dept. of Petroleum Engineering, Austin, TX

    Gupta, Anurag A.
    Indian Oil, Sadiq Nagar,


    Committee/Subcommittee: D18.26

    DOI: 10.1520/MNL7320140023