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Natural Gas Hydrates
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The chapter describes the history and current state of the art in gas hydrate technology. Both industrial and naturally occurring gas hydrates are described, with effects of other flow assurance subjects, paraffin wax, and corrosion. Authors formulate priority areas for the academic research on gas hydrates. Some data and tools for practicing engineers are provided on the stability and properties of natural gas hydrates, as well as their transformation in the production and transport of petroleum and gas in real geological formations, with references to literature to find more data. The chapter includes an example and specifics of commercial development of the Messoyakha accumulation of hydrated gas, and a discussion of the potential effect of gas hydrates on the environment and process safety.
renewable energy integration, upstream oil production, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
Makogon, Yuri F.
Texas A&M University, Petroleum Engineering Dept., College Station, TX
Makogon, Taras Y.
Wood Group Kenny, Flow Assurance Dept., Houston, TX