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    Advances in Catalysts for Refining Processes

    Published: Jan 2013

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    Catalytic processes play the most significant role in petroleum refineries for changing the molecular architecture of the hydrocarbons to make high-performance fuels in high yields and removing the heteroatoms such as sulfur, nitrogen, and metals to produce environmentally acceptable fuels. Catalysts take part in carbon rejection (e.g., fluid catalytic cracking [FCC]) and hydrogen addition (e.g., hydrocracking) to convert the hydrocarbons in crude oils to desirable light and middle distillates and other chemicals. Catalysts constitute the heart of the catalytic processes, and there have been very significant developments from the days of using natural clays as catalysts for catalytic cracking to designing and producing catalysts with precise control of their structure, composition, and properties for FCC. This chapter introduces new advances in catalysts for selected processes such as FCC, hydrotreatment of FCC gasoline (catalytic cracked gasoline), hydroprocessing of vacuum gas oil, alkylation, processing of heavy bottoms of crude oils, hydrogen production, and the roles of catalyst supports. The chapter follows an outline parallel to the advanced processes discussed in Chapter 7 to focus on the catalysts used in these processes.


    Advances, catalysts, catalysis, FCC, HDS, VGO, bottom-of-the barrel, H, 2, production, steam reforming, catalyst support

    Author Information:

    Mochida, Isao
    Kyushu University, Kasuga,

    Fletcher, Ray
    INTERCAT, Inc., Vleuten,

    Hatanaka, Shigeto
    JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corp., Yokohama, Kanagawa

    Toshima, Hiroshi
    Albemarle, Amsterdam,

    Nagamatsu, Shikegi
    JGC Corp., Yokohama, Kanagawa

    Inomata, Makato
    JGC Corp., Yokohama, Kanagawa

    He, Rong
    Chevron, Richmond, CA

    Threlkel, Richard S.
    Chevron, Richmond, CA

    Dillon, Christopher J.
    Chevron, Richmond, CA

    Ida, Junko
    Sud Chemie, Tokyo,

    Matsuhisa, Toshio
    Sud Chemie, Tokyo,

    Inoue, Shinichi
    Chiyoda Corp., Kawasaki, Kanagawa

    Shimizu, Shinichi
    Chiyoda Corp., Kawasaki, Kanagawa

    Shoji, Kazuo
    Toyo Engineering Corp., Narashino,

    Committee/Subcommittee: D02.04

    DOI: 10.1520/MNL5820131212210