You are being redirected because this document is part of your ASTM Compass® subscription.
    This document is part of your ASTM Compass® subscription.


    Chapter 5 | Proximate Analysis

    Published: Sep 2014

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF (1.09 MB) 19 $25   ADD TO CART

    Cite this document

    X Add email address send
      .RIS For RefWorks, EndNote, ProCite, Reference Manager, Zoteo, and many others.   .DOCX For Microsoft Word


    The proximate analysis of coal was developed as a simple means of determining the distribution of products obtained when the coal sample is heated under specified conditions. As defined by ASTM D121 [2], proximate analysis separates the products into four groups: (1) moisture; (2) volatile matter, consisting of gases and vapors driven off during pyrolysis; (3) fixed carbon, the nonvolatile fraction of coal; and (4) ash, the inorganic residue remaining after combustion. Proximate analysis is the most often used analysis for characterizing coals in connection with their utilization. Differences in the type of information required by coal producers and consumers have led to variations in the kind and number of tests included under the rubric proximate analysis. Other terms used in the coal industry are short prox and prox. Common usage in the field tends to favor short prox, which is the determination of moisture, ash, Btu, and sulfur, whereas prox means the determination of moisture, ash, volatile matter, fixed carbon, Btu, and sulfur. Proximate analysis as defined by ASTM International is the topic of this section.

    Committee/Subcommittee: D05.21

    DOI: 10.1520/MNL572013001105