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Chapter 12 | Burner, Heating, and Lighting Fuels
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This chapter describes the properties of hydrocarbon oils primarily and historically derived from petroleum crude that are burned as fuels for heating and lighting, such as distillate heating oils, residual heating oils, and kerosene. Also considered are alternative nonhydrocarbon fuels that may be blended with hydrocarbon fuels, such as biodiesel (fatty acid mono-alkyl ester) or used neat, such as pyrolysis liquid fuels. Typical burners that burn these fuels are described based on the type of fuel used. The relationship of properties to production processes, safe handling, and fuel performance and application is discussed as well as the standard methods for testing these properties.
petroleum, hydrocarbon, middle distillate, fuel oil, heating oil, residual oil, kerosene, biodiesel, pyrolysis liquid, fuel testing
Turk, Victor J.
R. W. Beckett Corp., Elyria, OH