Published: Jan 2009
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THIS CHAPTER ADDRESSES CONTROL OF QUALITY in design and construction in the context of industry moisture control problems, building design requirements, and building owners' needs. The chapter is broken into ten sections covering the following topics: 1. Introduction—The Building Industry and Quality Challenges 2. Contracting for Building Design and Construction 3. Quality in Building Design and Construction 4. Managing Quality in Building Design 5. Specifying Quality Control in the Construction Contract Documents 6. The Construction Project Team—A Quality Approach 7. Communications Through Construction Project Meetings 8. Understanding Plans and Programs for Construction Quality Control 9. Developing a Quality Control Plan and Program for a Construction Project 10. Documentation Management for Construction Projects 11. Quality Management and Building Envelope Commissioning In Sections 1 and 2, the composition and business practices of the building design and construction industry are reviewed. Section 3 includes a brief introduction to quality management of design and construction. The meaning of quality is discussed, as is the difference between quality control and quality assurance. The importance of proactive control processes vice reactive inspection processes is emphasized. Section 4 reviews the steps that go into developing an effective building design—a complete and unambiguous set of construction drawings and specifications. Peer reviews and quality reviews are emphasized. Section 5 addresses how owners can develop the scope of a contractor-managed quality control program in the building construction contract. Section 6 discusses the importance of effective collaboration between the building project participants—owner, designer, and construction contractor. Sections 7–10 provide detail on how contractors can effectively establish and manage project quality control programs, including organizational structure, quality control processes, and quality documentation. Section 11 expands the discussion to summarize the enhanced quality assurance process of building envelope commissioning.
Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Washington, D.C.,