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    Volume 50, Issue 2 (September 2021)

    Special Issue Paper

    Human Slip Assessment of Candidate Reference Surfaces for Walkway Tribometer Validation: An Update to Standard ASTM F2508

    (Received 10 April 2021; accepted 9 July 2021)

    Published Online: 16 September 2021

    CODEN: JTEVAB

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    Abstract

    Previous studies have reported on the concept of using human subjects to rank and differentiate walkway surfaces that vary in slipperiness. Surfaces identified as having different levels of slipperiness, based on the outcomes of human subject walking trials, are then used to validate tribometer slip resistance measurements. This concept was adopted in the development of ASTM F2508-11, Standard Practice for Validation and Calibration of Walkway Tribometers Using Reference Surfaces. Because of a depleting supply of the reference surfaces cited by ASTM F2508, new reference surfaces are needed. In this study, our objective was to assess new candidate reference surfaces to update the ASTM F2508-16, Standard Practice for Validation, Calibration, and Certification of Walkway Tribometers Using Reference Surfaces. One hundred and forty-eight human subjects walked across four ceramic-based tiles (E, F, G, and H) under contaminated conditions. Our results revealed that, consistent with our prior studies, human subjects were able to rank and differentiate surfaces according to slipperiness. Moreover, the surfaces evaluated in this study demonstrate characteristics that make them suitable replacements for the ASTM F2508 reference surfaces. Based on our findings, we recommend that ASTM F2508 be updated using surfaces E, F, and G and that surface G be considered a candidate to establish a slip resistance threshold for walking.

    Author Information:

    Blanchette, Mark G.
    Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA

    Semper Scientific, Mission Viejo, CA

    Lee-Confer, Jonathan
    Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy, University of Southern CaliforniaVerum Biomechanics, Los AngelesTucson, CAAZ

    Brault, John R.
    Semper Scientific, Mission Viejo, CA

    Rutledge, Bradley
    Semper Scientific, Mission Viejo, CA

    Elkin, Benjamin S.
    MEA Forensic Engineers and Scientists, Toronto,

    Siegmund, Gunter P.
    MEA Forensic Engineers and ScientistsSchool of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, RichmondVancouver,


    Stock #: JTE20210240

    ISSN:0090-3973

    DOI: 10.1520/JTE20210240

    Author
    Title Human Slip Assessment of Candidate Reference Surfaces for Walkway Tribometer Validation: An Update to Standard ASTM F2508
    Symposium ,
    Committee F13