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    Volume 50, Issue 1 (September 2021)

    Antihemorrhagic and Antimicrobial Property of Cotton Fabric Treated with Medicinal Herb Alfalfa

    (Received 18 February 2021; accepted 9 June 2021)

    Published Online: 08 September 2021

    CODEN: JTEVAB

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    Abstract

    In this work, medicinal plant alfalfa leaf extract was used as an antihemorrhagic, antimicrobial, and antifungal agent and applied to cotton fabrics. The medicinal herb alfalfa leaf was extracted using the ethanol and methanol solvents in the Soxhlet apparatus. The 50-µL, 100-µL, and 150-µL concentrations of extracted solution were tested against the positive and negative bacteria, namely Staphylococcus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, and the yeast fungi. The zone of inhibition was measured in each concentration. The 150-µL extract concentration in methanol extract showed good antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus and P. aeruginosa bacteria compared with the ethanol extract. The treated cotton fabrics were assessed for their antimicrobial property, and the zone of inhibition was found to be in the range of 13–15 mm. Then the antihemorrhagic property was assessed in both ethanol extract and methanol extract solution alone. The ethanol extracts showed a minimum time for clotting the blood, i.e., 2.2 min. The treated fabrics were assessed for the time taken to clot blood, and it was found that it took 1.2–1.4 min, which was improved when compared with the normal blood clotting time of 2–2.3 min. Biocompatibility Chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) preparation helps us to know the endpoints like hemorrhage, vascularlysis, coagulation, and irritation score of treated and untreated cotton fabric. The test is similar to the effects of the rabbit skin testing treatment, which shows the result of zero value for endpoints. The Medicago sativa herb exhibited good antimicrobial and antihemorrhagic properties for medicinal applications.

    Author Information:

    Dhanapriya, G.
    Department of Fashion Technology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Alathukombai, Sathyamangalam, Erode District, Tamil Nadu

    Venkatesh, B.
    Department of Textile Technology, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology and Research (Deemed to be University), Vadlamudi, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh

    Gobinath, R.
    Department of Fashion Technology, Sona College of Technology, Salem, Tamil Nadu

    Prakash, C.
    Department of Handloom and Textile Technology, Indian Institute of Handloom Technology, Fulia, Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of India, Shantipur, Nadia, West Bengal

    Varadharaj, R.
    Department of Textile Technology, SSM College of Engineering, Komarapalayam, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu

    Mekala, N.
    Department of Fashion Technology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Alathukombai, Sathyamangalam, Erode District, Tamil Nadu


    Stock #: JTE20210113

    ISSN:0090-3973

    DOI: 10.1520/JTE20210113

    Author
    Title Antihemorrhagic and Antimicrobial Property of Cotton Fabric Treated with Medicinal Herb Alfalfa
    Symposium ,
    Committee D13