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    Volume 50, Issue 1 (May 2021)

    Evaluation of Unevenness and Tensile Properties of Open-End Yarns Produced by Recycled Acrylic-Based Textile Wastes from Different Sources

    (Received 17 September 2020; accepted 22 March 2021)

    Published Online: 26 May 2021

    CODEN: JTEVAB

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    Abstract

    The classification of acrylic textile wastes based on source is important, because each waste type from different sources greatly affects product quality. This study primarily deals with recycled acrylic fibers obtained from three categories of acrylic-based tops, yarn, and fabric waste through a mechanical recycling method of garneting. With the use of recycled acrylic fiber types as 100 % ratio and in blends with recycled cotton and virgin polyester fibers, open-end yarns in two twist coefficients were produced, and then the effects of these selected materials and twist coefficient on the unevenness (CVm) and tensile properties of the yarns were discussed. The 100 % recycled acrylic yarn type produced from the tops waste type revealed the lowest CVm results and the highest tenacity and breaking elongation results. The blending of the virgin polyester fiber with the recycled acrylic fiber types improved the tenacity results. It can be concluded that tops, yarn, and fabric acrylic wastes have potential to be used as sustainable and low-cost sources of raw material in the production of open yarns of acceptable quality.

    Author Information:

    Gun, Ahu Demiroz
    Department of Textile Engineering, Usak University, Usak,

    Yigit, Emine Songul
    Department of Textile Engineering, Usak University, Usak,


    Stock #: JTE20200665

    ISSN:0090-3973

    DOI: 10.1520/JTE20200665

    Author
    Title Evaluation of Unevenness and Tensile Properties of Open-End Yarns Produced by Recycled Acrylic-Based Textile Wastes from Different Sources
    Symposium ,
    Committee D13