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    Volume 49, Issue 6 (January 2021)

    Effect of Unloading Direction on Rock Failure under True Triaxial Stress Conditions

    (Received 13 May 2020; accepted 5 October 2020)

    Published Online: 25 January 2021

    CODEN: JTEVAB

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    Abstract

    Rock failures induced by excavation unloading in the direction of the minimum principal stress σ3 and the intermediate principal stress σ2 were numerically simulated and analyzed. The damage evolution process, the failure mode, and the failure mechanism under the two conditions were investigated. The results show that the unloading direction of the principal stress has a significant impact on the rock failure mode. Under the same triaxial stress level, when unloading σ3, rock failure is mainly caused by localized tensile-shear composite failure; when unloading σ2, rock failure is mainly caused by tensile buckling failure. When unloading σ3, the damage is mainly concentrated near the free surface; however, when unloading σ2, the damage range increases and develops toward the interior of the rock. The greater the intermediate principal stress is before unloading, the larger the number of splitting fractures and the magnitude of dilatation are, and the smaller the thickness of the splitting plate is. These results may shed light on the prevention and mitigation of rock instability in deep underground engineering.

    Author Information:

    Jia, Peng
    School of Resources & Civil Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang,

    State Key Laboratory for GeoMechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, Beijing,

    Yang, Nan
    School of Resources & Civil Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang,

    Liu, Dong-qiao
    State Key Laboratory for GeoMechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, Beijing,


    Stock #: JTE20200298

    ISSN:0090-3973

    DOI: 10.1520/JTE20200298

    Author
    Title Effect of Unloading Direction on Rock Failure under True Triaxial Stress Conditions
    Symposium ,
    Committee D18