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Volume 49, Issue 6 (April 2021)
A Nondestructive Longitudinal Laboratory Test Method for Detection of Incipient Ultrastructural Changes in Wood
(Received 30 March 2020; accepted 18 December 2020)
Published Online: 08 April 2021
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The established methods for determining the effects of ultrastructural changes in structural wood members rely upon traditional, possibly outmoded, testing paradigms. These methods usually involve destructive testing of wood specimens that are exposed to environmental conditions infrequently experienced in buildings. Understanding how the ultrastructure changes with time within the same specimen is crucial for building practitioners in assessing risks to life-safety, assessing remaining service life of structural components, and aiding in the identification of mitigation or remediation measures. The primary agents causing ultrastructural modifications to wood are wood rotting basidiomycetes but may also include other biotic and abiotic agents; the methods contained herein should be applicable to all such longitudinal experiments. This article reviews existing literature on decay testing and validates a new method to assess longitudinal changes in mechanical properties with time using nondestructive test measures at relevant moisture contents. The validation testing shows this method has a good degree of repeatability and should permit the initial detection and monitoring of ultrastructure changes (e.g., decay). The method uses a repeatable, nondestructive four-point testing procedure for specimens controlled to specific moisture contents using energy dissipation as the salient performance metric. Recommendations are provided to refine this novel test method.
Department of Civil Engineering, University of VictoriaRDH Building Science Consulting Inc., VictoriaVictoria, British ColumbiaBritish Columbia
Glass, Samuel V.
US Department of Agriculture-Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI
de la Bastide, Paul Y.
Department of Biology, Center for Forest Biology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia
Stock #: JTE20190902
Title A Nondestructive Longitudinal Laboratory Test Method for Detection of Incipient Ultrastructural Changes in Wood