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    Volume 48, Issue 5 (September 2020)

    Testing and Evaluation of Performance and Emissions Characteristics of Water- Biodiesel Aspirated Research Engine

    (Received 20 February 2018; accepted 24 July 2018)

    Published Online: 2020

    CODEN: JTEVAB

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    Abstract

    This work aims to investigate the effect of the addition of water to corn oil biodiesel (BD) (COBD) in a diesel engine to view its effect on performance and emission characteristics. Two fuel samples were prepared using a novel surfactant Span 80 (MilliporeSigma, Burlington, MA), with different concentrations (94 % corn oil + 4 % water + 2 % Span 80 (COBDE1) and 90 % corn oil + 8 % water + 2 % Span 80 (COBDE2)). Experimental results showed that the water samples of COBD had higher brake thermal efficiency and lower brake-specific fuel consumption than that of neat COBD at all engine brake power. In addition, smoke and nitrogen oxide emissions are reduced by 4–11 % and 6–10 % using corn oil–water samples compared to neat COBD. Furthermore, the introduction of COBD-water emulsions in a diesel engine reduces the unburned hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emissions considerably.

    Author Information:

    Sudalaimuthu, Ganesan
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vel Tech Rangarajan Dr. Sagunthala, R&D Institute of Science and Technology, Avadi, Chennai

    Rathinam, Sivasubramanian
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, PSR Engineering College, Sevalpatti, Sivakasi

    Munuswamy, Dinesh Babu
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Panimalar Engineering College, Poonamallie, Chennai

    Thirugnanasambandam, Arunkumar
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Sholinganalur, Chennai

    Devarajan, Yuvarajan
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vel Tech Rangarajan Dr. Sagunthala, R&D Institute of Science and Technology, Avadi, Chennai


    Stock #: JTE20180306

    ISSN:0090-3973

    DOI: 10.1520/JTE20180306

    Author
    Title Testing and Evaluation of Performance and Emissions Characteristics of Water- Biodiesel Aspirated Research Engine
    Symposium ,
    Committee D02