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Volume 48, Issue 5 (September 2020)
Effect of Process Parameters on Tensile Strength of Sansevieria and Areca Husk Fiber Needle-Punched Nonwoven Fabrics
(Received 5 December 2017; accepted 28 June 2018)
Published Online: 2020
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The present study intends to determine the optimum process conditions for needle punching the nonwoven fabrics produced from blends of sansevieria and areca husk fibers. The Box–Behnken experimental design is used for the optimization of the fabric weight (200–400 g/m2), punch density (150–250 punches/cm2), and blend ratio (30:70–70:30) with respect to the tensile strength of the nonwoven fabrics and to evaluate the effects and interactions of the needle punching process conditions. The optimum process conditions were obtained at a fabric weight of 400 g/m2, 250 punches/cm2, and 70:30 blend ratio. Nonwoven fabric with a highest breaking force of 17.58 N in the machine direction and 36.51 N in the transverse direction was obtained at the optimum process conditions. The nonwoven fabric developed from this study can be used as a floor covering material in the construction field.
Department of Costume Design and Fashion, PSG College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
Department of Textile and Apparel Design, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
Stock #: JTE20170715
Title Effect of Process Parameters on Tensile Strength of Sansevieria and Areca Husk Fiber Needle-Punched Nonwoven Fabrics