(Received 19 August 1998; accepted 8 June 1999)
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Double-stacked empty corrugated fiber-board boxes were conditioned in normal and tropical climates and then compression tested in aligned, laterally offset, and diagonally offset configurations to determine the effect on compression strength. The results showed that offsets caused a greater reduction in strength than humidity effects. In a separate experiment, three-high pallet loads of infant formula in two-piece plastic cans were stacked in various staggered positions to evaluate the effect of pallet offset on stack stability. It was found that factors other than the amount of offset, such as pallet strength, uneven floors, and stretch wrapping were most influential.
Associate professor, School of Packaging, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI
Stock #: JTE12236J