Published Online: 01 November 1974
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Pure lead soldered to the gage section of 200-ksi (1379-MPa) 4145 steel tensile specimens tested at temperatures ranging from room temperature to 700°F (371°C) exhibit a severe loss in ductility between 400 and 680°F (204 and 360°C). The ductility, as measured by reduction of area, recovered at 695°F (368°C), the so-called brittle-to-ductile recovery temperature. This recovery temperature was shifted to higher temperatures in a sensitive manner by relatively small amounts of either tin or antimony added to alloy the externally applied lead.
Professor, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Ill.
Metallurgist, Chicago Bridge Ltd, Wembley,
Stock #: JTE11678J