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An ASTM round-robin was conducted to evaluate the state of the art in stress analysis of adhesively bonded joint specimens. Specifically, the participants were asked to calculate the strain-energy-release rate for two different geometry cracked-lap-shear (CLS) specimens at four different debond lengths. The various analytical techniques consisted of two- and three-dimensional finite element analysis, beam theory, plate theory, and a combination of beam theory and finite element analysis. The results were examined in terms of the total strain-energy-release rate and the Mode I to Mode II ratio as a function of debond length for each specimen geometry. These results basically clustered into two groups: geometric linear or geometric nonlinear analysis. The geometric nonlinear analysis is required to properly analyze the CLS specimens. The three-dimensional finite element analysis gave indications of edge closure plus some Mode III loading. Each participant described their analytical technique and results. Nine laboratories participated.
Senior Research Engineer, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA
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