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    Volume 11, Issue 2 (May 2021)

    Special Issue Paper

    High Temperature Corrosion Stability of Ceramic Materials for Magnetohydrodynamic Generators

    (Received 26 October 2020; accepted 2 March 2021)

    Published Online: 07 May 2021

    CODEN: MPCACD

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    Abstract

    Corrosion by alkali metals and their compounds poses a significant challenge to the long-term material stability and service life for both metal alloys and ceramics at high operating temperatures. Chemical reactivity between alkali metals and materials underlie numerous industry challenges ranging from fireside corrosion in biomass-fired boilers to reaction with silica-based refractory ceramics in glass furnaces. The problem is particularly significant in magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) generators, where potassium or cesium compounds are introduced to improve the electrical conductivity of the working fluid. Thus, resistance to attack by alkali metal vapor is an important consideration in the selection and fabrication of ceramic electrodes and insulators for MHD generators. We evaluated several refractory ceramics to assess phase stability and known reactions with potassium and its compounds at high temperatures (T > 1,200 °C). Refractory ceramics were tested for potassium vapor corrosion using a modified ASTM standard test method with in situ monitoring of gas composition. Unlike other materials, the magnesia (MgO) and ceria (CeO2) samples did not exhibit corrosion, and no phase or mass changes were observed. This indicates that CeO2 and MgO could exhibit long lifetimes as plasma facing components in MHD generators. Ultimately, this development provides valuable data in evaluating critical materials performance issues that can attest to the viability of high temperature direct fired MHD generator applications.

    Author Information:

    Bowen, Michael S.
    National Energy Technology Laboratory, Albany, OR

    School of Mechanical, Industrial, and Manufacturing Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR

    Kwong, Kyei-Sing
    National Energy Technology Laboratory, Albany, OR

    Hsieh, Peter
    National Energy Technology Laboratory, Albany, OR

    Cann, David P.
    National Energy Technology Laboratory, Albany, OR

    School of Mechanical, Industrial, and Manufacturing Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR

    Woodside, C. Rigel
    National Energy Technology Laboratory, Albany, OR


    Stock #: MPC20200160

    ISSN:2379-1365

    DOI: 10.1520/MPC20200160

    Author
    Title High Temperature Corrosion Stability of Ceramic Materials for Magnetohydrodynamic Generators
    Symposium ,
    Committee C08