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    Volume 5, Issue 1 (March 2016)

    Influences on the Carbon Preform Porosity and Microstructure Evolution of MiCaSiC Ceramics Manufactured by the Liquid Silicon Infiltration (LSI) Process

    (Received 15 September 2015; accepted 26 January 2016)

    Published Online: 18 March 2016

    CODEN: MPCACD

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    Abstract

    In the present study, the feasibility of the production of silicon carbide based ceramics via liquid silicon infiltration process (LSI-process) was demonstrated. The manufactured MiCaSiC ceramics (metal infiltrated carbon based silicon carbide) were based on novel raw material compositions. For these material compositions, activated carbon, carbon fibers, and a sinterable pitch based semi-coke were used as fillers and source of a sufficiently stable carbon backbone in the carbonized intermediate state. Different binder agents were used for the compound and feedstock development and basically compared. This involves thermoplastic and duroplastic binders, which promote the use of two different shaping methods (warm pressing and extrusion process). This allows the formation of highly porous and complex shaped carbon preforms for further silicon infiltration. The main focus of the present study was to evaluate the impact of debinding and pyrolysis process step on the preform microstructure. That includes the determination and quantification of matrix and porosity evolution in carbon preforms. The defined formation of porosity during pyrolysis is a key parameter for subsequent silicon infiltration. In this context, pore structure formation of carbon preforms as well as porosity and microstructural characteristics of carbon preforms, and the resulting MiCaSiC ceramics were investigated by means of computer tomography (CT), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and porosity measurements. It was shown that pore structure formation and pore content in carbon preform stage was significantly influenced by the thermal decomposition behavior of the preferred binder agents. Furthermore, the microstructure development after pyrolysis was basically affected by the homogenization rate of the material composition as well as material flow kinematics during shaping process.


    Author Information:

    Weber, Steffen
    German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Structures and Design, Department of Ceramic Composites and Structures, Stuttgart,

    Jemmali, Raouf
    German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Structures and Design, Department of Ceramic Composites and Structures, Stuttgart,

    Koch, Dietmar
    German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Structures and Design, Department of Ceramic Composites and Structures, Stuttgart,


    Stock #: MPC20150045

    ISSN:2165-3992

    DOI: 10.1520/MPC20150045

    Author
    Title Influences on the Carbon Preform Porosity and Microstructure Evolution of MiCaSiC Ceramics Manufactured by the Liquid Silicon Infiltration (LSI) Process
    Symposium ,
    Committee D30