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    Volume 2, Issue 6 (June 2005)

    Performance of a New Co-Polymer Sulfonate-Based Mid-Range Water-Reducing Admixture

    (Received 18 December 2003; accepted 28 February 2005)

    Published Online: 2005


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    At the present time, there are essentially two types of water-reducers: high-range water-reducers and conventional water-reducers. Superplasticizers allow a 15–30 % water reduction. They are very efficient to disperse cement particles in concretes made with W/C ratios between 0.25 and 0.45. For concrete having a W/C ratio between 0.45 and 0.60, the optimal dosage is not generally very high and lacks robustness. In industrial applications, the use of superplasticizer in 0.45–0.60 W/C ratio concrete can result in segregation (light over-dosage) or a rapid slump loss (light under-dosage).

    The use of conventional water-reducers, obtained mostly from more or less processed and treated industrial by-products, results in a water reduction of between 5 and 10 %. Moreover, because they almost always contain some impurities, essentially sugars and surfactants, their dosage cannot be increased without causing excessive air entraining and a long delay in setting.

    To cover the W/C ratio range between 0.45 and 0.60, it is necessary to use admixtures of the mid-range family, which are usually obtained by mixing a superplasticizer and a conventional water-reducer or a water-reducer and an accelerator. This method presents several disadvantages linked to formulation adjustment and to the availability and quality of lignosulfonate water-reducers, which may decrease in the future due to a drastic change in the production of pulp and paper worldwide.

    A new type of synthetic mid-range water-reducer has been developed in order to meet the requirements of the mid-range water-reducers: comfort of rheology, no effect on setting time, and no air entrainment. It is a co-polymer of the polysulphonate family adapted for concretes made with a W/C ratio between 0.45 and 0.60. The performance of the last version of this product has been studied on grouts having a water/cement ratio of 0.45 and on concretes having a water/cement ratio of 0.44. This performance has been compared to the performance of two commercial mid-ranges and a classic water-reducer, lignosulfonate-based.

    The synthetic mid-range showed a very promising dispersing performance and robustness adapted to the concrete formulation generally covered by mid-range water-reducers. Its very definite chemical composition and its controlled production make this new polysulphonate co-polymer an interesting alternative for the formulation of mid-range water-reducers.

    Author Information:

    Saric-Coric, M
    Ph.D., holder of an Industrial Research Postdoctoral Fellowship (IRF), NSERC (Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada), and Handy Chemicals, Handy Chemicals Ltd., Candiac, Québec

    Dénommé, Y
    M.Sc.A., Research Engineer in charge of the concrete laboratory, Handy Chemicals Ltd., Candiac, Québec

    Pagé, M
    Ph.D., Executive Vice-President, Handy Chemicals Ltd., Candiac, Québec

    Aïtcin, P-C
    Ph.D., Professor Emeritus, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec

    Stock #: JAI12470


    DOI: 10.1520/JAI12470

    Title Performance of a New Co-Polymer Sulfonate-Based Mid-Range Water-Reducing Admixture
    Symposium ,
    Committee C09